Understanding fractions is a main focus for fifth grade Common Core State Standards in math. Students must understand and master adding and subtracting fractions with unlike denominators. I was first introduced to this idea by one of my terrific teaching partners, Cathy Lachel. Lachel oversees the fifth grade math instruction for all of our students. Here is how Lachel put this lesson to work with our kids:.
Prior to starting our fraction unit, I sent out a letter to parents asking for any spare LEGO bricks hanging around. I collected all donations and created small bags of the bricks for groups to access during exploration time. Using this knowledge you can successfully guide your students to grasping these concepts as well through exploration, conversations, and trial and error. Once students are comfortable, and as a teacher you feel comfortable moving on, share the fraction task card with students.
Allow for a variety of ways to show evidence for each task. Students can draw a picture or create a video, PowerPoint, or Educreation lesson — the more creative their evidence, the better. Students explore, then work as a team to discover for themselves how they can use these LEGO bricks to represent the various concepts:. Monitor and review tasks with students that need your assistance. Challenge those that are ready to continue the tasks independently.
Ask your class to put a spin on the finale and create a finale of their own. After the variety of tasks they will need to follow, students will become LEGO fraction experts. The end result is more than just a clear understanding of fractions and operations. The end result is smiles on faces, the fun in creating math with hands-on tasks, and, mastering a concept.
Fractions have never been so engaging! Do you have a fun way to incorporate learning fractions into your classroom? I'd love to hear from you!
My new favorite Storyworks feature from the online teacher support page is the vocabulary slide show.Main menu Search. Exploring Fractions. Of course, by their very nature, rich tasks will also provide opportunities for children to work like a mathematician and so help them develop their problem-solving skills alongside this conceptual understanding. Such tasks also provide valuable opportunities for you to assess where children have got to in their thinking and so support the next steps on their learning journey.
The current National Curriculum in England, which became statutory in Septembercontains more content related to fractions than the previous curriculum.
To support children in getting to grips with the concept of fractions it is important to make sure they have lots of practical and varied experience using objects, shapes and quantities. This, combined with an experience of rich tasks that stimulate and challenge their thinking; the opportunity to talk and the chance to use models and images rather than 'tricks', will all support their growing understanding of fractions.
Why might children find fractions difficult? Difficulties with fractions often stem from the fact that they are different from natural numbers in that they are relative rather than a fixed amount - the same fraction might refer to different quantities and different fractions may be equivalent Nunes, The fact that a half is the bigger fraction does not necessarily mean that the amount you end up with will be bigger. The question should always be, 'fraction of what?
Fractions can refer to objects, quantities or shapes, thus extending their complexity. In order to be able to develop their understanding and then generalise about fractions, children need to explore many representations and uses over a significant period of time. In the Early Years, learners will have learnt to generalise the concept of three by having lots of experience of the three-ness of three, yet with fractions we may find in school that their experience is limited to pizzas, sticky paper and chocolate!
Do the children have experience of objects, shapes and amounts in equal measure and do they have experience of the whole being something other than 'one'? So, the tasks in this second group are curriculum-linked but crucially also offer opportunities for learners to develop their problem-solving and reasoning skills. In this article, we will discuss each group of tasks in turn, outlining further reasons for grouping in this way and explaining why each particular task has been selected.
First Group of Tasks - Starting Points As mentioned above, all these tasks could be introduced to children of any age. They provide a chance for meaningful mathematical discussion and sharing of current understanding, in addition to offering opportunities for challenging misconceptions.
It is important that children build up a vocabulary with which to talk about fractions. Of course this is a gradual process, but greatly helped by you modeling appropriate language wherever possible and drawing attention to good use of specific vocabulary by children themselves. All of the following tasks provide contexts in which to encourage learners to talk about their ideas and to work towards refining their vocabulary.
The article Developing a Classroom Culture That Supports A Problem-solving Approach to Mathematics offers several practical ideas to help your classroom become a classroom that is based on talk. Learners are invited to halve pieces of paper in different ways and to articulate how they know that they have created halves. Talk is key here. Asking children to explain their ideas will help to reveal their understanding even if their constructions are not quite accurate.
You can facilitate discussion about not all halves being symmetrical and it would also be fruitful to ask how learners think the task would have been affected if they had been given squared paper rather than plain. What Do You See Here?
In a similar way to Paper Halvingthis activity encourages learners to explore fractions as area. In this way, the task lays the foundations for a deep understanding of the part-whole relationship.Comparing Numbers. Division Basic. Division Long Division. Hundreds Charts. Multiplication Basic. Multiplication Multi-Digit. Ordered Pairs. Place Value.
Skip Counting. Telling Time. Word Problems Multi-Step. More Math Worksheets. Reading Comprehension Gr. Reading Comprehension. Reading Worksheets. Graphic Organizers. Writing Prompts. Writing Story Pictures. Writing Worksheets. More ELA Worksheets. Consonant Sounds. Vowel Sounds. Consonant Blends. Consonant Digraphs. Word Families. More Phonics Worksheets.
Build Sentences. Sight Word Units. Sight Words Individual. More Early Literacy. Subjects and Predicates. More Grammar Worksheets. Spelling Grade 1. Spelling Grade 2. Spelling Grade 3.Though that is what I want for them to master, I am exposing them to other aspects. We are definitely working on what an equivalent fraction is, and how to find equivalent fractions on models maybe next year we will discuss the algorithm!!
We have even done some adding and subtracting using our pattern blocks. If you have not worked with pattern blocks before you may want to do a short introduction. Simply pull out the hexagons, and have the children fill it up with trapezoids.
Ask how many trapezoids were used, and what is the fraction for one trapezoid. This should lead itself into the awesome conversation about equal parts, ect!!!
I would then have them place triangles on top of the trapezoids. You can then discuss what one triangle equals and what three triangles equal. You can then do the same with the rhombuses or rhombi.
Once that background knowledge is laid for them, they are ready for the task cards. There are three different wholes in the sample pack, and five in the complete pack.
You will find that the students are finding equivalent fractions for halves, thirds, fourths, and sixths numerous times but in various ways. There were a couple of things that stumped the boys, and gave us a chance to focus again on a fraction being equal parts and that the denominator tells us how many equal parts it takes to make a whole.
As a last minute tip, I highly suggest doing these in small groups where you can monitor. If you are working with higher grades I can possibly see doing this as a whole group with you walking around constantly checking and making note of those who will need to be pulled later for a small group. If you feel that any child is struggling with the concept of fractions, I would do this with them next to you. These task cards will quickly bring to light any misconceptions, and I know no one wants to miss opportunities to see misconception and work through it.
Or get all of our equivalent fraction activities in one place. Today we pulled out our pattern blocks and completed the task cards.
How to Start If you have not worked with pattern blocks before you may want to do a short introduction. Time for Task Cards Once that background knowledge is laid for them, they are ready for the task cards. Share this: Click to share on Pinterest Opens in new window Click to share on Facebook Opens in new window Click to share on Twitter Opens in new window Click to share on Tumblr Opens in new window Click to print Opens in new window Click to email this to a friend Opens in new window.
Are you getting the free resources, updates, and special offers we send out every week in our teacher newsletter? All Categories.
Grade Level. Resource Type. Log In Join Us. View Wish List View Cart. You Selected: Subjects Math Fractions. Prices Free. Types Task Cards.
Grades PreK. Other Not Grade Specific. Higher Education. Adult Education. Digital Resources for Students Google Apps. Internet Activities. Subjects Math Fractions. Resource Types Task Cards. Misty Miller. Searching For Silver. Lavinia Pop. Sort by: Rating. Valentine's Day Fraction Task Cards: 20 Valentine's Day themed task cards that have your students practice their fraction skills in a fun way! You may require your students to reduce their fractions if you would like!
An answer key is included. If you like this, you'll love:Equivalent FractionsFra. ActivitiesMath CentersTask Cards. Wish List. Writing Fractions Task Cards. If you enjoy this product, you might also like: Identifyin. MathFractionsGeometry. PrintablesMath CentersTask Cards. These Fraction Task Cards will help your students learn how to read fractions on a number line. Includes 6 task cards and the recording sheet.
The complete Fractions on a Number Line set can be purchased at my store. It contains 24 task cards, 3 center activities and 2 worksheets. MathFractions. ActivitiesPrintablesTask Cards. This is a set of 16 word problem task cards.These hands-on equivalent fraction activities will help you teach equivalent fractions to your students in fun and exciting ways. For some of our precious kiddos, this word makes them quiver in their sneakers and want to barf all over the desk.
There are so many interactive, fun ways to learn and then practice fractions, I had to put a list together just for equivalent fractions. You can download all of the printables that are mine the ones that have pictures in one place with my Equivalent Fraction Activities Bundle.
We all know that hands-on instruction is the way to go for teaching math concepts. Teaching the way to solve the problem has its place, but understanding why those steps works are just important…and these equivalent fraction activities will help you teach this concept. Kids love food, and they understand food. When beginning your fraction unit why not pull out a Hershey bar or an orange.
It is a great way to not only teach what a fraction is, but also to introduce an equivalent fraction by having them share the food. A simple way to have students use fractional models to figure out equivalent fractions. Students take a model given and divide it up into equal parts. By the time they have worked through the first model they have found four equivalent fractions. This is very similar to the first interactive notebook, but this time instead of fractional models you get number lines.
I love giving children as many ways to see a concept as I can. You never know which way will make the light go off!!!!
Again students need to see many different representations of fractions and how they are equivalent. Using Fraction Tiles the students work to figure out which fractions are equivalent.Equivalent Fractions Song For Kids - 3rd Grade - 4th Grade
That is the best type of learning. Number lines are a great way to build fraction sense, and they are also a fun way to teach equivalent fraction. While they are creating their number lines they are working on what numerators are, what denominators are, finding the LCM, and so much more.
Pattern blocks are another great way to explore and learn about equivalent fractions. These task cards are a great place to go after children have a basic understanding of equivalent fractions. They will definitely get your kiddos thinking and problem-solving, and quickly reveal any misconceptions. Our children love technology, and adding it to our teaching is a good thing as long as they are having real-life experiences in the classroom every day.
This site is a continuation of the previous activities.Fractions are one of those math topics that my students consistently need practice in. I try to mix up the fraction activities and printables my students complete to keep them engaged and working hard. This post will share some free fraction math printables that are perfect for extra practice and math centers. Click here to read more about how I teach math here and how I incorporate math centers into my instruction.
The students will use the included cube s to complete the printable fraction activities and practice a variety of skills involving fractions. They will roll the cube s that you choose to get a fraction that they will then use to complete a task. They will continue to roll fractions and complete the same task with a different fraction until the printable is complete six tasks per printable.
I have included four different types of cubes in the file and then a blank one for you to make one that best fits your needs. This printable requires the students to roll a fraction, generate three equivalent fractions for the fraction rolled, and then prove their answers.
The students roll four fractions from the same cube or multiple cubes and then order the fractions from least to greatest or greatest to least student choice. They will also indicate which way they chose to order their fractions on the printable.
Similar to the Adding Fractions printable, the students roll two fractions and then determine the difference by subtracting the smaller fractions from the larger fraction. For this fraction review activity, the students will only roll one fraction.
They will then use that one fraction to complete six different tasks. The tasks have the students:. Due to the last two tasks, this review is better suited for 5th grade or as enrichment for 4th graders.
Want to see the discounted 4th Grade Bundle?
Click here instead. Click here to see 5th Grade Fraction Math Centers. Want to see the discounted 5th Grade Bundle? Click here or on the image to grab these fraction activities for FREE! By entering your information, you agree to receive email communication from me.